Robert P Mensforth (Dr. Bob), Ph.D
R_MENSFORTH.jpg
 Title: Associate Professor
CLASS I/T Liaison
 Dept: Anthropology
 Office: CB 225
 Phone: 216-687-2529,  216-687-2529
 Fax: 216-687-9384
 Email: R.MENSFORTH@csuohio.edu
 Address: 2121 Euclid Ave. CB 225, Cleveland, OH 44115

Courses Taught

Publications


Faculty Only:
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Research Keywords:
Paleopathology, Paleoepidemiology, Paleodemogrpahy, Forensic Anthropology (Perimortem Skeletal Trauma), Iron Deficiency Anemia, Rickets & Osteomalacia, Osteoporosis, Functional Morphology & Biomechanics
 
Education:
Ph.D., Biomedical Sciences, Kent State University, 1986
B.A., Anthropology, Cleveland State University, 1975
 
Brief Bio:
     I developed a growing interest in biological anthropology early in my junior year here at Cleveland State University back in 1973. At that time I began conducting research in paleopathology under the supervision of Dr. John Lallo.  I also began conducting research on human epigenetic cranial variation by examining over 2,000 Hamann-Todd Collection skulls at the Cleveland Museum of Natural History.  I earned my B.A. in Anthropology from CSU and began paleoepidemiology research at KSU.  At that time I was exploring age and sex-related patterns of porotic hyperostosis (erythroid marrow hyperplasia) and periosteal reactions (indicators of subperiosteal bone hemorhage)in prehistoric human groups.  Prior to entering graduate school I worked at UPS.  The income from that job permitted me to travel and conduct research at the American Museum of Natural History in New York, the Chicago Field Museum, the National Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C., and the McLung Museum at the University of Tennessee.

    In 1978 I was accepted into the new Ph.D. program in Biological Anthropology at KSU/NEOUCOM.  Under the supervision of Dr. C. O. Lovejoy and Dr. R. S. Meindl, I then broadened my doctoral training to include Demography, Genetics, Primate Paleontology, Biomechanics, Biochemistry, Anatomy, Neuroanatomy, Medical Physiology, and Endocrinology.  During the lean times I picked up summer work as an archaeologist specializing the the excavation and analysis of human skeletal remains, or as a CRM archaeology team member. When I graduated from KSU in 1986 I accepted a one year faculty position at Oklahoma University in Norman, OK.  The following year I applied for a position as a biological anthropologist at CSU.  I was awarded the position and was promoted to associate professor with tenure in four years.  I have now been employed by CSU for 20 years.  During that time I have conducted research on age, sex, and ancestry-related patterns of osteoporosis fracture syndrome, vitamin D deficiency related rickets and suppressed immune response, vitamin D deficiency related osteomalacia and increased risk of breast and prostate cancers, paleodemography, forensic patterns of cranial trauma due to violent assaults, prehistoric warfare and trophy-taking behaviors (scalping, decapitations, dismemberments)as indicators of population growth and the emergence of segmented social organizations, and many other topics.  Several of these research and scholarship activities are ongoing today.

    I enjoy teaching and research.  I enjoy students and I enjoy learning.  I enjoy music, art, a good sense of humor, and the days when I can find a legal parking space somewhere on, or near, campus.  I also like my cats, but I am not quite sure why. They just show up at my house and decide to stay (just like inlaws but far less dysfunctional).  Otherwise, I am a cranky, old, boring guy.
 
Honors and Awards:
AWARDS, HONORS, SPECIAL ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS:

2009  Inducted into the Phi Alpha National Social Work Honor Society (CSU Delta
         Zeta chapter).  An honorary lifetime membership was bestowed at the annual
         dinner ceremony held on  Friday, March 6, 2009, Fenn Tower Ballroom.  

2008  Invited guest of Gregory Sadlek, CLASS College Dean. The Annual Moses-Cleaveland  
         Scholarship black-tie fund raising dinner, Renaissance Hotel, Cleveland Ohio,
         November 22, 2008.

2008  Invited dinner quest to attend the CSI: BW/CSU Forensic Science Academy
         Honors Banquet.  The event honored students and faculty who participated in
         the summer 2008 Forensic Science Camp sponsored by an OBOR grant.  The
         banquet was held at the Grand Ballroom, Strosacker Hall, Baldwin-Wallace
         College, Berea, Ohio, Saturday, September 27, 6:00 PM.

2007  Special thanks from CLASS Dean Gregory Sadlek for participating in the CLASS
         Recruiting DVD produced by Barbara Hoffman and Al Nozak (March 1, 2007).

2007  Special thanks from CLASS Dean Gregory Sadlek and Ed Mills (Chief Enrollment
         Services Officer) for participating in visitor campus tours organized by the CSU
         Admissions Office, and for providing visitors access to the cool anthropology
         bone lab (January 17, 2007).  

2001  Master Teachers Panel Discussion, CSU College of A&S professional teaching
         program seminar organized by Associate Dean Richard Rakos. I served as an
         invited Master Teacher Panel member for the event held on October 16, 2001.  

1999  CSU Outstanding Teacher Certificate of Appreciation Award, recommendation
         solicited from CSU students, award issued by the CSU Center for Teaching and
         Learning, Robert Wheeler, Director, December 28, 1999.

1989  Mensforth, R. P., and B. Latimer (1989)  Hamann-Todd Collection Aging Studies:    
         Osteoporosis Fracture Syndrome.  American Journal of Physical Anthropology 80:
         461-479.

    A. Editors of the CLINICAL DIGEST SERIES independently rated the research publication
         listed above as outstanding in its field.  They requested, and received,
         permission to publish a modified abstract in their ORTHOPAEDICS/RHEUMATOLOGY
         DIGEST, for international distribution to clinicians and medical researchers.

    B. The international editorial board of THE DIGESTS independently rated the above
         article to be excellent, and also requested, and received, permission to publish
         the abstract in their MENOPAUSE DIGEST which is circulated to physicians world-
         wide. Menopause Digest 4 (September): 16-18, 1990.
 
Creative and Activities:
EDUCATIONAL PRODUCTS DEVELOPED:

- Analytic TurboBasic PC Software Applications (1988-1996):

.......Geometric/Biomechanic/Anatomical Digitizer Programs

............. GEOCALC.exe (linear distance, arc length, surface area, angle calculations)
..................Published Clinical Applications:
........................(1) N. Pracharktam et al. (1996) Cephalometric Assessment in
........................Obstructive Sleep Apnea. American J. of Orthodontics and
........................Dentofacial Orthopedics 109 (4): 410-419.

........................(2) S. Nelson and M. Hans (1997) Contribution of craniofacial risk
........................factors in increasing apneic activity among obese and nonobese
........................habitual snorers. CHEST 111:154-162. (Journal of the American
........................College of Chest Physicians).

........................(3) M. Hans et al. (2001) Subgrouping Persons with Snoring and/or
........................Apnea by using Anthropometric and Cephalometric measures.
........................Journal of Sleep & Breathing 5 (2):79-92.

............. BONECALC.exe (cross-sectional min/max bending and torsion strength analysis)
............. PLOTODONT.exe (orthodontic analysis program)
............. POSTURE.exe (physical therapy posture assessment/analysis program)
............. GEORIB.exe (rib morphology analysis: J. Ohman and R. Mensforth, co-authors)

- Statistical Analysis:
............. QUIKSTAT.exe (Chi Square, t-test)
............. LINEFIT.exe (Linear Regression, Major Axis, Reduced Major Axis analyses)

- Demographic Analysis:
............. DEMOSTAT.exe (composite life table/survivorship curves)
............. SIMGROW.exe (population growth simulations/survivorship curves)
............. POPSTAT.exe
............. SEXGRAPH.exe (+15 yrs. age/sex distributions and pyramid plot)

- Educational Videotape:

.... Osteological Evidence of Violent Injuries and Trophy-Taking Behaviors Among Late
.... Archaic Indians From Kentucky. Produced, directed, edited and narrated by
.... R. Mensforth and Chris Ruch. Educational videotape presented at the Workshop of
.... Perimortem Violent Trauma, hosted by Robert P. Mensforth, CSU at the Second Annual
.... Meetings of the Midwest Bioarchaeology and Forensic Anthropology Association,
.... Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, Illinois, September 30, 1995.
 
Research Interests:
- Human Biological Diversity
- Comparative Mammalian Anatomy and Physiology
- Pathophysiology
- Skeletal Biology
- Paleodemography
- Paleoepidemiology
- Human & Primate Paleontology
- Forensic Sciences
- Field Archeology.
 
Teaching Areas:
TEACHING: INSTITUTION & RANK

1992-2010   Cleveland State University, Associate Professor

1987-1992   Cleveland State University, Assistant Professor

1999             Baldwin Wallace College, Associate Professor (part time, 1 course,
                      Spring Semester)

1993-1997   Ohio College of Podiatric Medicine, Anatomist (part time)

1986-1987   University of Oklahoma, Visiting Assistant Professor

1985-1986   Cleveland State University, Instructor
                      Kent State University, Instructor
                      Ohio College of Podiatric Medicine, Instructor
                      Northeast Ohio Universities College of Medicine, Lecturer,
                      Laboratory Teaching Assistant

1984-1985   Kent State University, Instructor
                      Northeast Ohio Universities College of Medicine, Teaching Assistant
                      for Human Gross Anatomy

1983-1984   Yale University, Visiting Instructor (upper level undergraduate course in
                      human evolution / graduate seminar on current issues in human
                      paleontology).

1981-1982   Northeast Ohio Universities College of Medicine, Teaching Assistant for Human
                      Gross Anatomy

1973-1974   Cleveland State University, Teaching Assistant for Human Osteology


COURSES TAUGHT (1983 to 2010):

  Anthropology:    Archaeology & Human Evolution
                             Human Biocultural Evolution
                             Paleopathology & Paleoepidemiology
                             Human Osteology
                             Human Musculoskeletal Anatomy
                             Physical Anthropology
                             Lab Methods in Physical Anthropology
                             Human Paleontology
                             Human Paleontology Practicum
                             Human Evolution and Behavior
                             Current Issues in Hominid Evolution
                             Biological Anthropology
                             Human Biology & Variation
                             Medical Anthropology
                             Primate Behavior
                             Basic Research Methods
                             Human Gross Anatomy Practicum
                             Skeletal Biology Practicum
                             General Anthropology
                             Introduction to Anthropology

Forensic Sciences: Forensic Anthropology
                             Introduction to Forensic Sciences (lecturer)

Health Sciences:    Human Gross Anatomy (lecture/lab)
 
Professional Affiliations:
Member, American Association of Physical Anthropologists

Member, Midwest Bioarchaeology and Forensic Anthropology Association

Member, American Association of University Professors

Member, Cleveland Museum of Natural History, Cleveland, Ohio

Member, American Museum of Natural History, New York, New York

Member, National Center for Science Education, Inc.

Member, American Committee for the Preservation of Archaeological Collections.
 
Professional Experience:
Associate Professor of Anthropology, Cleveland State University, Department of Anthropology (Full-time Faculty, 1987-2010).

Research Associate, Physical Anthropology, Cleveland Museum of Natural History, Laboratory of of Physical Anthropology (1988-2010).

Consultant, Forensic Anthropologist, Sullivan County Coroner's Office, Wendy S. Hastings,
Coroner, P.O. Box 168, Eagles Mere, PA 17731 (September, 2007-2010).

Consultant, Forensic Anthropologist, Geauga County Coroner's Office, Kevin M. Chartrand, Coroner. 13205 Aquilla Rd., Chardon, Ohio 44024, (440) 285-2222. (December, 2006-2010).

Graduate Faculty, Cleveland State University, Department of Anthropology (Spring, 2002-2009).

Graduate Faculty, Kent State University, Division of Biomedical Sciences (1995-2005)

Anatomist, Ohio College of Podiatric Medicine (OCPM), Department of Basic Sciences
Part-Time Faculty, Winter 1993 - Spring 1997).

Visiting Professor of Anthropology, Oklahoma University, Department of Anthropology, Norman, Oklahoma 1986/87 Academic Year).

Graduate Faculty, Oklahoma University, Department of Anthropology, Norman, Oklahoma (1986/87 Academic Year).

Part Time Instructor, Ohio College of Podiatric Medicine (OCPM), Basic Sciences Department, Cleveland, Ohio (Summer, 1985).

Part Time Instructor, Kent State University, Kent, Ohio (KSU), Department of Anthropology (Spring, 1985).

Part Time Instructor, Cleveland State University, Department of Anthropology (CSU), (Winter and Spring Quarters, 1984/85).

Teaching Assistant, Human Gross Anatomy, Northeast Ohio Universities College of Medicine (NEOUCOM), Department of Anatomy, Rootstown, Ohio (1984)

Visiting Instructor, Yale University, Department of Anthropology, New Haven, Connecticut (Fall Semester, 1983)

Teaching Assistant, Human Gross Anatomy, Northeast Ohio Universities College of Medicine (NEOUCOM), Department of Anatomy, Rootstown, Ohio (1981/82)

Undergraduate Teaching Assistant, Human Osteology, Cleveland State University (CSU), Department of Anthropology (1973).
 
University Service:
2008-2010  

- Member, CSU Library Program Review Committee (March-June, 2009)

- Chair, Research Associate (Grade 6) Search Committee (Dec. 2008) for the CSU
  Office of Institutional Research.

- Member, Director of Parking Operations Search Committee (Fall 2008)

- Classroom Space Implementation Project (CSIP), Committee Member solicited by M. J.
  Saunders, Provost, June 6, 2006.

- Member, Capital Planning Advisory Committee (appointed by Faculty Senate Steering
  Committee, May 2007)

- Graduate Faculty Council representative to the Faculty Senate (May, 2007)

- Graduate Petitions Committee (appointed by Graduate Council for Fall 2008 - Summer 2009)

- Chair and Member of the Academic Space Committee, (appointed by Faculty Senate Steering
  Committee, May, 2006)

- CLASS College IS&T Liaison, appointed by CLASS Dean, May 2006.

- Member, Graduate Faculty, Cleveland State University, College of Liberal Arts and
  Social Sciences

- Member, Dong Gil Lee's Doctoral Dissertation Committee, CSU/Cleveland Clinic Biomedical
  Engineering program. Dissertation title: The Relationship Between Arch Height and
  Midfoot Joint Pressure During Gait.

- Member, Department of Anthropology Curriculum Committee

- Member, CSU Parking Appeals Board (Parking Petitions Committee)

- Department of Anthropology OSHA contact personnel

2007-08  

- Classroom Space Implementation Project (CSIP), Committee Member solicited by M. J.
  Saunders, Provost, June 6, 2006.

- Member, Capital Planning Advisory Committee (appointed by Faculty Senate Steering
  Committee, May 2007)

- Graduate Faculty Council representative to the Faculty Senate (May, 2007)

- Chair and Member of the Academic Space Committee, (appointed by Faculty Senate Steering
  Committee, May, 2006)

- CLASS College IS&T Liaison, appointed by CLASS Dean, May 2006.

- CLASS College Secretary, appointed May, 2006

- Member, Graduate Faculty, Cleveland State University, College of Liberal Arts and
  Social Sciences

- Member, Dong Gil Lee's Doctoral Dissertation Committee, CSU/Cleveland Clinic Biomedical
  Engineering program. Dissertation title: The Relationship Between Arch Height and
  Midfoot Joint Pressure During Gait.

- Member, Department of Anthropology Curriculum Committee

- Member, Department of Anthropology Search Committee

- Member and chair (Dec.) of Department of Anthropology PRC

- Member, CSU Parking Appeals Board (Parking Petitions Committee)

- Department of Anthropology OSHA contact personnel


   (for years 1987 to 2006 see CV)
 
Professional Service:
CONSULTING, RESEARCH, EDUCATIONAL SERVICES, and EDUCATIONAL SUPPORT (2006/2010):

2009  FIELD MEMBER: Metz Site (33-ER-557) Test Excavations, Erie County, Ohio.
           (Sandusky Bay Chapter of the Archaeological Society of Ohio).

2009  HUMAN OSTEOLOGIST & FIELD MEMBER: Dillon Site (33-ER-30) Excavations, Erie County,
           Ohio (Sandusky Bay Chapter of the Archaeological Society of Ohio).  

2009  FACULTY PARTICIPANT: The 2009 OBOR Forensic Science Academy.

2008  FACULTY PARTICIPANT: The 2008 OBOR Forensic Science Academy. This educational
          research experience for high school students was a collaborative initiative
          involving faculty from BW College, CSU, and invited local forensic experts.
          (see PlainDealer.com, College CSI, June 19, 2008; Cleveland Plain Dealer,
           Metro section, June 27, 2008).    

2008  TITLE: The Death of S.G.Yano: Suicide By Hanging or Homicide by Strangulation? A
          Reassessment of Death Scene and Autopsy Evidence. AUTHORS: Jennifer Clark ERM)
          investigator, presenter, CSU alumnus) and Robert P. Mensforth (CSU) (co-
          investigator). Case presented by J. Clark at the 60th Annual Meetings of the
          Amer. Acad. of Forensic Sciences.  February 21, 10:00 AM.  Marriott Wardman
          Park Hotel, Washington, D.C.

2007 Invited to review a manuscript submitted for peer review to the Southeastern
        Archaeology Journal.  The manuscript by James H. Turner is entitled: Violence-
        Related Trauma at Two Sites in the Pickwick Basin: Dust Cave (1LU496) and the
        O'Neal Site (1LU61).  Peer review requested by Gayle J. Fritz, Co-Editor of SAJ,
        Department of Anthropology, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri 63130.

2007 Loan of human pelvic and cranial skeletal materials to Dr. Linda Spurlock,
        University of Akron, for instructional use in teaching a spring semester '07
        course in forensic science and forensic anthropology.

2007 Research consultant (survey questionnaire design and statistical analysis) for
        Kholoud Alkhayer, a CSU Master of Pubic Health program student studying the
        reasons why so few dentists accept Medicaid patients on a local, regional, and
        national basis.

2006 Donation of $1,500 to the CSU Foundation to support CLASS College projects ($700)
        and Department of Anthropology Education and Research in Biological Anthropology
        ($800).

2006 Accepted an invitation to serve as the Forensic Anthropologist for Geauga County,
        Ohio (consulting invitation solicited by detective Gregg Boyles).

                    (see CV for entries back to 1987)
 
Community Service:
PUBLIC LECTURES, PRESENTATIONS, INTERVIEWS:

- Mensforth, R. P. (CSU) and L. Spurlock (CMNH) (2008) Forensic Science Lecture sponsored
  by the CSU Student Government Association, November 25, MC 146, 12:00 to 1:30 PM.    
  Lecture reviewed in The Cauldron (CSU Student Newspaper, reported by Jonathan
  Herzberger, Volume 107, Issue 16, page 7.

- The Cleveland Stater, volume 8 (no. 14), "CSU Plans for Summer Research: Undergrads to
  Gain Experience Through Various Projects."  Interview on skeletal trauma and Watt's
  Cave Summer 2007 resarch projects conducted by Michelle McCafferty, March 23, 2007.

- CSU Career Week Panel Member for CSI: Career in Forensics.  Organized by Philomena
  Johnson, October 31, 2006

- CSU Fall Visitor Day - Recruiting Event - Walk through open-house of the CB 225
  Biological Anthropology Lab (Forensics, Osteology, Paleontology).   Event sponsored by
  the CSU Admissions department, Saturday, October 21, 9:00 AM - 2:00 PM, 2006.

- CSU Undergraduate Majors Career Day, Department of Anthropology faculty Representative,
  11:00 AM to noon, UC student center, October 18, 2006.

- Filming of the CSU Department of Anthropology - Laboratory of Biological Anthropology
  facilities.  Requested by B. Hoffman, filmed by Al Nozak.  This was part of a faculty
  recruitment initiative supported by Gregory Sadlek, Dean, CLASS College, Summer 06.

- Interview on The Dynamics of Human Evolution, conducted by Erik Michael of Solon High
  School.  The 90 minute interview was part of an upper level high school class project.  
  April 3, 2006

- Biographic Interview requested by Emily Thompson of the Cleveland Urban Communities
  School.  The 30 minute interview was part of a required 3rd grade class project.  March
  29, 2006

- CSU Career Week Panel Member for CSI: Training and Career Opportunities in the Forensic
  Sciences.  Organized by Cynthia Panton, November 1, 2005  

- Accuracy and Bias of Forensic Skeletal Assessments of Sex and Race.  Interview
  conducted by Amanda Kittoe, CWRU student currently enrolled in a Forensic Sciences
  course.  April 2, 2005

- Forensic Anthropology Education, Research and Legal Cases in North Ohio.
  Invited lecture presented to CSU Viking Hall students, solicited by Ms. Monica
  Moyer. Presented on 7:30-9:00 PM on November 17, 2004.  

- Project Common Ground. The grant funded educational film project and interview series
  entitled Defining Race was co-directed by Dr. Michael Rand, School of Communication,
  CSU, July 1998.  

- Forensic Craniofacial Reconstruction.  Film interview conducted by Elizabeth Gardner,
  U.S. liaison for the Brazil based Idea TV (science and technology division).  April,
  1998
 
Research Grants:
GRANTS and FUNDING REQUESTS AWARDED:

2008  Tech Fee Proposal to support the purchase of CLASS College Instructional
        Computer Lab upgrade equipment (i.e., 40 new HP laptop computers, 20 laptop
        replacement batteries, HP Network Lab Printer, and wireless multimedia
        presenter).  Total funds approved by the Provost and CLASS Deans Office
        amounted to $57,275.  October 10, 2008.

2008  Tech Fee Proposal to support teaching and research in Field and Laboratory
        Forensic Science and Forensic Anthropology Criminalistics Analyses.  
        Total funds approved by the Provost and CLASS Deans Office: $ 5,016.
        October 10, 2008.

2007  CLASS College Funding Request to purchase of 15 Gateway Desktop Computers to
        support the needs of part time and term faculty in English, Religious Studies
        and Social Work. Funds awarded: $14,490.

2007  CLASS College Funding Request to purchase of Biological Anthropology Research
        equipment (Faxitron X-ray machine and X-ray Film Processor). Funds awarded:
        $21,079.

2007  CSU Summer Undergraduate Research Grant Program. Project Title: Cut Mark Evidence
         of Ambush Style Warfare and Raiding Among Late Archaic 3,000-1,000 B.C.) Shell
         Mound Cultures. Award: $2,730.

2007  CSU Summer Undergraduate Research Grant Program. Project Title Watt's Cave,
         Kentucky Research Project: Information Recovery and Site Report Project.  
         Award: $2,680.

2006  House Bill 810 funds supporting teaching and research in Biological Anthropology.  
         Items include teaching casts for anatomy, human evolution, and
         instructional lab osteometric tools (spreading calipers, osteometric board,
         dental calipers, and helios dial calipers).  Funds awarded: $ 2,168.

2004  House Bill 810 funds to support teaching and research in Biological Anthropology.  
         Items include teaching casts for anatomy, human evolution, and a
         microcentrifuge for DNA analysis/demonstration labs. Funds approved: $ 3,772.

1994  Ohio House Bill 810 - Biological Anthropology Instructional Equipment Request.  
         R.Mensforth (project director).  Merged with request from Biology. Funds
         awarded: $10,000.

1989  CSU RCAC Grant: Age, Sex, and Race-Related Patterns of Midshaft Femoral
         Subperiosteal Expansion in Humans: Biomechanical Correlates of the Aging
         Process.  Funds awarded: $3,057.00.

1989  National Science Foundation (ILI):  Development of Interactive Video-Disk Lab
         Instruction in Physical Anthropology.  J. Blunk (PI) and R. Mensforth (co-PI).
         Funds awarded: $138,000.00.  

1988  National Science Foundation (ILI):  Human Paleontology Laboratory Instructional
         Equipment Grant.  R. Mensforth (project director). Funds awarded: $10,353.